Scientists are trying gene therapy to fight HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
For more than a decade, the strongest AIDS drugs could not fully control Matt Chappell's HIV infection. The donor lacked a common gene that makes an entryway HIV uses to infect T cells, immune system soldiers in the blood. University of Pennsylvania scientists are trying a two-part approach: Besides knocking out the gene for the HIV entryway, they're adding a gene to help T cells recognize and kill HIV.
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